There is not one type of birth control that is right for every woman and each person's situation requires an appropriate medical and personal assessment to determine what option is optimal. We are happy to help guide our patient's in the direction that is right for them.
Which birth control is right for me?
There are many different types of contraception, but not all types are appropriate for all situations. The most appropriate method of birth control depends on an individual's overall health, age, frequency of sexual activity, number of sexual partners, desire to have children in the future, and family history of certain diseases. The best way to determine what is best for you is to have a conversation with your gynecologist.
What types of birth control and contraception are there?
Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) – An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, T-shaped device that is placed into the uterus. An IUD can work effectively for many years and is very low maintenance. It can easily be removed when a woman no longer needs contraception or when the device meets the recommended replacement time. These do not provide protection from sexually transmitted infections/diseases.
Hormonal Methods – This is the use of hormones to regulate or stop ovulation. These products include pills, injections, patches, gels, vaginal rings, IUDs, and implantable rods. They are highly effective if used perfectly but do have a range of failure rates and does require some maintenance. These do not provide protection from sexually transmitted infections/diseases. These do not provide protection from sexually transmitted infections/diseases except for condoms which, with proper use, can reduce the possibility of contracting an infection/disease.
Barrier Methods – Barriers such as condoms, sponges, spermicides, diaphragms, and cervical caps are removable. These methods must be used each and every time there is intercourse. Failure rates differ depending on the method and proper use of the contraceptive.
Emergency Contraception – Emergency contraception can be used if there has been unprotected intercourse or a condom breaks. This does not provide protection from sexually transmitted infections/diseases.
Lifestyle Methods – These methods include, but are not limited to the Withdrawal method, Fertility Awareness, Breastfeeding, outercourse and abstinence (100% effective). These methods can be effective if used accurately and in accordance with menstrual cycles, mucus patterns, and temperature charts to determine fertile versus safe days each month. These do not provide protection from sexually transmitted infections/diseases.
Sterilization – Sterilization either prevents a woman from getting pregnant or a man from releasing sperm and is a permanent form of birth control. They are surgical procedures and not usually reversible. The failure rates are extremely low and is the most effective option for preventing pregnancy permanently. These do not provide protection from sexually transmitted infections/diseases.
A consultation with your Obsterician/Gynecologist is the best way to addressing your need for safety and efficacy when choosing contraception and birth control.